A Romance language

L’occitan es una lenga romana, coma sas vesinas, lo catalan, lo castilhan, lo portugués, l’italian, lo roman, lo còrse e lo francés (aquesta es la mens romana de totas). Ven del mescladís entre las lengas de las populacions autoctònas e lo latin dels colonizadors romans.

The oldest know texts date back to the 10th Century. It was in the Occitan language that the trobadors, through their songs, spread the knowledge of the original values of society all across Europe.
L’occitan foguèt la primièra lenga modèrna a se dotar d’un sistèma de descripcion de se ; las primièras gramaticas datan de la debuta del sègle XIII.

The name “langue d’Oc” stems from the affirmative particle òc (yes). The Latin expression, lingua occitana, can be found in a document of the Royal Chancery dating back to 1306. The designations Occitan and langue d’Oc have the same value.
Its territory stretches from the Val d’Aran in the Pyrenees to the Piedmont region at the foot of the Alps (the Italian province of Còni/Cuneo), from the Fenouillèdes region (lien Page magazine Aux alentours site PTCM) on the Roussillon border to the Marche region north of Limoges. It is an enormous zone with many different geographical, historical, economical, human and linguistic aspects.

After that fertile period of the troubadours, the language fell prey to history’s vicissitudes. In the 19th Century, a literary revival came about, with the excellent félibre Aquiles Mir, native of Escales (lien page commune site PTCM). The Occitan language continues to be like a second nature for the inhabitants of this region, an inherent and constituent element of their identity, a prism through which they can understand their land as well as a window to the world.