Itineray type : Foot
Lanet and Salza are two stopovers of the same little jaunt (“Petite vadrouille”). Home to the magpies or kingdom of the jays, you’ll go from one to the other, accompanied by these two chatterboxes from the arid plateaux to the forest, hiking through the local history as well as the legends.
Descriptif détaillé :
Cairn (1) The hike starts on the banks of the Orbieu river where ash, alder, dogwood and willow grow, but also the famous absinthe wormwood, which provided the main ingredient for the dangerous liqueur which was fashionable back in the 19th century.
Cairn (2) At the edge of a steep hillside, the highest point of the hill on which the village is situated, the castle dating back to the middle of the 13th century is nicely hidden by age-old trees.
Cairn (3) The village of Lanet (‘laine’ meaning wool) is built on several levels, centred around its castle which was built in the 14th century and renovated in the 18th century.
Cairn (4) On the ancient road from Lanet to Salza, a rogation cross has been put up on the side of the road.
People used to come here in procession to beg the skies for their clemency and reward them with a good harvest.
Cairns (5) and (6) Lanet used to be surrounded by fields. Today, the woods have taken over the landscape and cover nearly all the surrounding area. The forest is essentially made up of different types of oak trees (holm and downy oaks). The jays and the boar, both very fond of acorns, find food and shelter in this environment.
Cairn (7) The agricultural activities (breeding and wine-growing) are on the decline. A policy of green buffer zones has also been introduced: parts of the land have been cleared by the livestock in order to maintain a firebreak area.
Cairn (8) We arrive at the Salza plateau: this is the area where the cows (Aubrac breed) are at pasture. They are primarily a beef breed.
Cairn (9) Here is a rogation cross. Its main pattern, the “winged wind”, is closely related to the “meteorological” character of the rogations.
Cairns (10), (1) and (2) The village of Salza. The small square near the church used to be a threshing area, a reminder of the agricultural past of the village.
Cairn (3) In the gardens of Salza, the renowned “Salza turnips” used to be cultivated. This local variety was planted on 15 August and harvested on All-Saint’s Day.
Cairn (4) Between Lanet and Montjoi, you can see the sheer gorges of the Orbieu valley.
Cairn (5) The track, lined with box trees, crosses the agricultural plateau. At the edge of some fields, huge pear trees are planted. These fruits were eaten overripe or used to make compote.
Cairn (6) We now leave the agricultural area. Here, under the oak trees, parts of the soil have been ‘ploughed’. Clearly the sign that wild boar have been at work.
Cairns (7) and (8) The variety of trees continues to grow. The presence of chestnut trees and heather is a sign of the higher degree of acidity of this soil. The path becomes steeper and goes into the forest.
Cairn (9) When you come out of the woods, you’ll find some fields, shelters and plots of fallow land.
Cairn (10) Panoramic view on Lanet and its castle.
N° d'urgence depuis un portable : 112
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