A short history of Occitan literature
The prose novel ‘Filomèna’, translated into Occitan from a Latin text supposedly written in the Lagrasse abbey around the year 1200: “This is a series of miraculous tales and battle scenes with Charlemagne founding the Lagrasse abbey and establishing his headquarters within its walls. Helped by his twelve peers and heroes of the Narbonensian geste, he repels the Infidels and pushes them back over the Pyrenees”:
Assy se conta en cal maniera Karles, can ac près Carcassona cos partic de la Ciutat, in nay cals partz anec, com hedifiquec le monstier de la Grassa.
This text tells us how Charlemagne, after having taken the Cité, founded the abbey of Lagrasse, then conquered Narbonne and other cities. Some claim that the troubadour Arnaut de Carcassés was not, as his last name might let us believe, born near Carcassonne, but in Carcassés, a hamlet near Laroque-de-Fa. He was the author of a genuine little masterpiece of Romanesque literature: La nòva del papagai.
In the 19th Century, there is an important renaissance of the Òc literature when the Félibrige is created in the year 1854.